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Japan Fact Sheet
Last update : January 2012
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Demography

  • Population: 127.9 million (2011)
  • Population Density (inhabitant/km2): 341 (national average), 1,054.4 (Tokyo - highest), 41.6 (Tottori prefecture - lowest)
  • Largest Cities (pop. in million): Tokyo (12m), Yokohama (3.5m), Osaka (2.5m), Nagoya (2.2m), Sapporo (1.8m), Kobe (1.5m), Kyōto (1.5m), Fukuoka (1.3m), Kawasaki (1.2m) Hiroshima (1.1m) - Click here for 100 most populous cities listing
  • Home Ownership: 61.1% (national average), 79.3% (Toyama prefecture - highest), 43.7% (Tokyo - lowest)
  • Floor area of residence : 91.3 m2 (national average), 146.4 m2 (Toyama prefecture - highest), 63 m2 (Tokyo - lowest)
  • Residential dwelling material: 30% wooden, 33% wooden and fire-proofed, 36% non-wooden
  • Urban Population: 79%
  • Life Expectancy: 81.2 (average - 2006 est.), 78 years (men), 84.7 years (women)
  • Birth Rate: 9.61 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
  • Death Rate: 8.55 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
  • Ethnic Composition: 99% Japanese, 0.4% Korean, 0.2% Chinese, 0.15% Brazilian, 0.07% Filipino, 0.2% others
  • Registered foreigners: 2,217,426 (2008), among which 1,670.000 Asians, 389,000 South Americans, 67,700 North Americans (incl. 52,600 US citizens), 61,800 Europeans (incl. 17,000 British, 9,300 French, 7,600 Russians, 6,000 Germans, 2,500 Italians), 14,700 Oceanians (incl. 10.700 Australians) and 12,000 Africans.
  • Major Language: Japanese
  • Major Religions: Shintoism (official), Buddhism (various, mostly Mahayana branches)

    Geography

  • Area: 377,835 sq km (including 3,091 km² of territorial water)
  • Major Islands: Honshu ({B), Hokkaido (kC), Kyushu (B), Shikoku (l)
  • Coastline: 29,751 km
  • Economic Exclusive Zone (EEZ): 4,470,000 km² (=> see map)
  • Reclaimed land area in Tokyo Bay : 249 km² (100 mi²)
  • Highest Peak: Mount Fuji (xmR): (3776m/12,385ft)
  • Lowest Elevation: Hachiro-gata -4 m

    Map of Japan

    Economy

  • Monetary unit: yen (,~, JPY)
  • Fiscal Year: 1 April - 31 March
  • GDP (nominal): US$5.07 trillion (2009)
  • GNI per capita: US$35,220 (2008)
  • GDP per capita (in 2009): US$39,573 (average), US$66,500 (Tokyo - highest 2006 est.), US$24,000 (Nara - lowest 2006 est.)
  • GDP per capita (at PPP in 2009): US$32,817 (average)
  • Average annual income per capita by prefecture (2007): JPY 3,059,000 (average), JPY 4,540,000 (Tokyo - highest), JPY 2,049,000 (Okinawa - lowest)
  • Prefectural GDP per capita: Click here
  • GDP - real growth rate: -5% (2009)
  • Inflation (consumer prices): -1.3% (2009)
  • Unemployment: 5.6% (2009)
  • Real unemployment (including non job-seekers) : 25,5% (2002) => more info
  • Public Debt (% of GDP) : 192% (2009)
  • Main Industries: High-tech electronic products, motor vehicles, office machinery, chemicals, steel, textiles, processed foods
  • Main Exports: vehicles, computer parts, chemicals, scientific instruments, watches, motor vehicles, semiconductors, office machinery
  • Main Imports: machinery and equipment, fuels, foodstuffs, chemicals, textiles, raw materials
  • Main Trading Partners: China, USA, South Korea, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Indonesia, Australia, Germany

    See also Japan's ranking in the world, politically and economically

    Government

  • Type of Government: Parliamentary Monarchy
  • Parliamentary System : bicameral Diet (lower House of Representatives and upper House of Councillors)
  • Administrative Division : 47 prefectures
  • Capital: Tokyo (since 1867; previously Kyōto s)
  • Head of State: Emperor Akihito (since 1989)
  • Prime Minister: Yoshihiko Noda (since September 2011)
  • Foreign Minister: Koichiro Gemba (since September 2011)
  • Justice Minister: Hideo Hiraoka (since September 2011)
  • Finance Minister: Jun Azumi (since September 2011)

    Miscellaneous

  • Time Zone: GMT/UTC +9
  • Electricity: 100V AC, 50Hz (East) or 60Hz (West)
  • Weights & measures: Metric
  • Internet domain: .co.jp (companies only), .jp (no restriction)
  • International dialling code: +81

    For more detailed statistics, please consult the website of the Japanese Statistics Bureau







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