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Shōgun R

Title given to the military rulers of Japan between from the 1192 century to 1867. The full title was Sei-i-tai Shōgun (Α叫R or "barbarian-subduing great general".

The term itself first appeared in 794 and originally meant commander of the imperial armies who led the campaigns against the Ainu.

Hereditary shōguns effectively controlled Japan - although always receiving formal authority from the emperor - during six and a half centuries.

Japan's shogunates were the Kamakura Shogunate (1192-1333), established by Minamoto no Yoritomo, but ruled by the Hojo clan after his death, the Ashikaga Shogunate (1338-1597), based in Kyōto and ruled by the family of the same name, and the Tokugawa Shogunate (1600-1867), based in Edo and ruled by Tokugawa Ieyasu and his descendant.

The Tokugawa Shogunate was called bakufu ("tent government" {), and the late Tokugawa era, just before the Meiji Restoration, was known as bakumatsu.

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