One of the first Englishmen to reach Japan, in 1600. He became a trusted adviser to shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu and was made a samurai. He was one of the most influential foreigners in the history of Japan. He Japanese name was Miura Anjin.
Itō Hirobumi Leading Meiji-era statesman and first prime minister of Japan.
Meiji Emperor of Japan from 1868 to 1912, also known as Mutsuhito.
Major daimyō during the Warring States period and the initiator of the unification of Japan.
Perry, Matthew Calbraith American Commodore who forced Japan to open its ports to the Western powers in 1853, which eventually led to the fall of the Tokugawa regime and the modernization of Japan under Meiji.
Saigo Takamori One of samurai from Satsuma supporting the Meiji Restoration. He is often considered to be the last real samurai to die as such, and inspired the 2003 film The Last Samurai.
Shōwa Emperor of Japan from 1926 to 1989, also known as Hirohito.
Taishō Emperor of Japan from 1912 to 1926, also known as Yoshihito.
Former name of Nara when it was the capital of Japan, from 710-740 and from 745-784.
Old name of Hokkaidō until 1869.
Old province in the north of modern Gifu prefecture.
Old province of Japan corresponding roughly to the modern Ibaraki Prefecture. It is also the name of one of Japan's largest technological corporations, although the province and the company are not related and their names are spelt with different Chinese characters (respectively 常陸 vs 日立).
One of the former names of Kyōto.
Former province comprising most of the Greater Tokyo today, including most of Saitama Prefecture and part of Kanagawa Prefecture (Kawasaki and Yokohama).
Chancellor of the Realm presiding over the Great Council of State. It was the highest government position during the Heian period, and remained a prestigious honourary title until the Edo period.